A Guide for First-Time Parents
You have gone through pregnancy, childbirth and childbirth and are now ready to go home and start life with your baby. Once you get home, you may have no idea what you are doing!
These tips can help even the most nervous new parents to feel safe quickly when taking care of a newborn baby.
Get help after birth
Consider asking for help during this period, which can be very hectic and overwhelming. Talk to the experts around you at the hospital. Many hospitals have nutrition specialists or breastfeeding advisors who can help you with breastfeeding or breastfeeding. Nurses are also a great tool to show you how to support, farm, change and take care of your baby.
For help at home, you can hire a local nurse, postpartum doula or adolescent girl to help you soon after birth. Your doctor or hospital can help you find information about domestic help and refer you to home care agencies.
Family and friends also want to help. Even if you disagree with some things, you should not reject your experience. But if you don't feel like receiving guests or have other concerns, don't feel guilty about limiting visitors.
Taking care of a newborn
If you have not spent much time with newborn babies, their vulnerability can be daunting. Here are some basic concepts to remember:
Wash your hands (or use hand sanitizer) before touching the baby. Babies do not yet have a strong immune system, so they run the risk of infection. Make sure everyone who leads your baby has clean hands.
Support your baby's head and neck. Move your head when you carry your baby and hold it when you keep it straight or when you put it in bed.
Never shake your newborn, play or get frustrated. Restlessness can cause bleeding in the brain and even death. If you have to wake up your baby, don't shake him; instead tickle your baby's feet or gently blow on the cheek.
Make sure your baby is properly attached to the baby carrier, pram or car seat. Limit any activity that may be too difficult or inflatable.
Remember that your baby is not ready to play hard, such as being kneeled or thrown into the air.
Bond and soothing
The bond, probably one of the nicest parts of childcare, takes place during the sensitive moments of the first hours and the first days after birth, when the parents have a deep bond with their baby. Physical proximity can promote an emotional connection.
For children, attachment contributes to their emotional growth, which also influences their development in other areas, such as physical growth. Another way to think about connection is to 'fall in love' with your child. Children thrive by having a parent or other adult in their lives who loves them unconditionally.
Start participating by rocking your baby and gently caressing him with different patterns. You and your partner can also take the opportunity to be 'skin to skin' by holding the baby to his skin during feeding or the cradle.
Babies, especially premature babies and people with health problems, can respond to baby massage. Certain types of massage can improve the association and help the growth and development of the baby. Many books and videos relate to baby massage; Consult your doctor for advice. However, be careful: children are not as strong as adults, so massage the baby gently.
Children generally enjoy vocal sounds such as speaking, chatting, singing and singing. Your baby will probably also love listening to music. Rattles and mobile phones are other great ways to stimulate your baby's hearing. If your child is demanding, try singing, reciting poems and songs for children, or reading aloud while you swing your child or gently balance him in a chair.
Some children may be unusually sensitive to touch, light or sound, and are easily scared and crying, sleep less than expected, or watch somewhere else when someone talks or sings to them. If this is the case for your child, keep the sound and lighting levels low to moderate.
Diapers, which work well for some babies during the first few weeks, are another relaxing technique that parents should learn the first time. Matching diapers keep the baby's arms close to the body while the legs can move. Not only do diapers keep the baby warm, but also give most babies a sense of safety and comfort. Diapers can also help limit the surprise reflex that can wake a baby.
This is how you pack a baby:
Extend the reception blanket with a slightly folded corner.
Place the baby on the back on the blanket with the head in the folded corner.
Wrap the left corner over the body and place it under the child's back, under the right arm.
Lift the bottom corner above the baby's feet and pull it towards the head by folding the cloth as it approaches the face. Make sure you do not over tighten your hips. The hips and knees must be slightly bent and bent. Packing the baby too tight can increase the risk of hip dysplasia.
Wrap the right corner around the baby and place it under the baby's back on the left, leaving only the neck and head uncovered. To ensure that your baby is not too tight, you must put a hand between the blanket and the baby's chest, allowing you to breathe comfortably. However, make sure that the valve is not so wide that it can be canceled.
Babies may not be packed after the age of 2 months. At this age, some children can turn around when they are involved, which increases the risk of SIDS.
Everything about diapers
Before you bring your baby home, you will probably decide to use disposable cloths or diapers. Whatever you use, your baby will soak its diapers about 10 times a day, about 70 times a week.
Make sure you have everything you need before changing your baby's diaper so that you don't leave the baby unattended on the changing table. You need:
a clean diaper
bras (if washable diapers are used)
diaper wipes (or a bowl of hot water and a clean towel or cotton balls)
Place the baby on its back after each bowel movement or if the diaper is wet and remove the dirty diaper. Use water, cotton balls and wipes to gently clean your baby's genital area. When you remove a baby's diaper, you must do so carefully because exposure to air can cause the baby to urinate. When cleaning a girl, swipe her buttocks back and forth to prevent a urinary tract infection (UTI). Apply an ointment to prevent or treat skin rashes. Do not forget to wash your hands thoroughly after changing a diaper.
Diaper rash is a common concern. Usually the result is red and uneven and disappears after a few days with warm baths, a small diaper cream and some time out of the diaper. Most skin rashes occur because the baby's skin is sensitive and irritated by wet diapers or porridge.
Try these tips to prevent or treat diaper rash:
Change your baby's diaper often and as soon as possible after bowel movements.
Gently clean the area with mild soap and water (sometimes the wipes can be irritating) and then apply a very thick layer of diaper rash or barrier cream. Zinc oxide creams are preferred because they form a barrier against moisture.
If you use washable diapers, wash them with detergents without dyes or perfumes.
Leave the baby intact for part of the day. This gives the skin the ability to air.
If the diaper rash persists for more than 3 days or appears to be getting worse, contact your doctor as this may be caused by a fungal infection that requires a prescription.
Basis for the bathroom
You must give your child a sponge bath until:
the umbilical cord falls and the navel heals completely (1 to 4 weeks)
healthy circumcision (1 to 2 weeks)
A bath two or three times a week the first year is good. The most common bath can dry out the skin.
Prepare these items before you wash your baby:
a clean, soft towel
mild and perfumed soap and shampoo for children
A soft brush to stimulate the baby's scalp.
towels or blankets
a clean diaper
Sponge baths Choose a safe and level surface for a sponge bath (such as a changing table, floor or countertop) in a warm room. Fill a sink, if it is nearby, or a bowl with hot water (not hot!). Undress your baby and wrap it in a towel. Clean your baby's eyes with a cloth (or clean cotton swab) that has only been moistened with water, starting with one eye and clean it from the inner corner to the outer corner. Use a clean corner of the towel or another cotton swab to wash the other eye. Clean your baby's nose and ears with a damp cloth. Then moisten the cloth again and, with a little soap, gently wash your face and dry it.
Then make a foam with a baby shampoo, wash the baby's head carefully and rinse it. Carefully wash the rest of the baby with a damp cloth and soap and pay particular attention to wrinkles under the arms, behind the ears, around the neck and in the genital area. After washing these areas, make sure they are dry, then put on diapers and dress your baby.
Bathtubs. When your baby is ready to bathe in bath, the first baths should be soft and short. If he gets angry, go back to the sponge baths for a week or two and try the bath again.
In addition to the consumables listed above, add:
a children's pool with 2-3 cm of warm water, not hot! - water (to test the water, feel the water on the inside of the elbow or wrist). A baby bath is a plastic bath that fits into the bath; It is better for children and makes it easier to manage the bathroom.
Undress your baby and put it immediately in water, in a warm room, to prevent chills. Ensure that the water in the bath is not 2 to 3 centimeters deep and that the water no longer flows into the bath. Use one hand to hold the head and the other hand to first guide the baby with his feet. Speak slowly and allow the baby to slowly sink into the bathtub.
Use a towel to wash your face and hair. Gently massage the scalp of the baby with your fingertips or with a soft brush for the baby's hair, including the area on the fountains (soft areas) at the top of the head. When you rinse soap or shampoo from the baby's head, place your hand on your forehead so that the foam flows sideways and the soap does not get into your eyes. Carefully wash the rest of the baby's body with water and a small amount of soap.
While bathing, regularly pour soft water on your baby's body so that it does not cool down. After bathing, wrap the baby immediately in a towel and cover your head. Baby towels with hood are ideal for keeping a newly washed baby warm.
Never leave your baby alone while your baby is bathing. If you need to get out of the bathroom, pack the baby in a towel and take it with you.
Circumcision and care of the umbilical cord
Immediately after circumcision, the tip of the penis is usually covered with gauze covered with vaseline to prevent the wound from sticking to the diaper. After changing a diaper, gently wipe the tip with warm water and then apply Vaseline to the tip so that it does not stick to the diaper. The redness or irritation of the penis should heal within a few days, but if the redness or swelling increases or if blisters filled with pus develop, there may be an infection and you should call the child's doctor immediately.
Umbilical cord care in newborns is also important. Some doctors suggest cleaning the area with isopropyl alcohol until the stump of the cord dries, usually within 10 days to 3 weeks, but others recommend leaving the area alone. Talk to your child's doctor to find out what they prefer.
A child's navel area should not be submerged in water until the cord stump falls and the area is healed. Until it falls, the cable stump will change color from yellow to brown or black; This is normal. Call your doctor if the navel area appears red or if there is an unpleasant odor or discharge.
Feed and farm your baby
If you are breastfeeding or giving a baby, you may be surprised how often you do this. It is generally recommended to feed children on request, provided they are hungry. The baby can cry, put its fingers in its mouth or make sucking noises.